Apple Tree, Malus: “Love-Struck”
Have you ever just known that your blind date has some shadowy past behind his chiseled cheekbones? Well, meet apple trees, the plant equivalent of dating baggage. Beneath the rosy exterior, we’ve got the whole Garden of Eden original sin debacle. Then there’s the tiny matter of prompting the Trojan War. And giving Hercules grief in the garden of Hesperides, and delivering the poison to the lovely Snow White. On the plus side, Malus arguably saved Asian and European civilizations by producing one of the only fruits that could last through the long winters. Cab for two, please.
Above: Photograph by Nicole Franzen.
Apple trees take effort. Two cultivars, the scion and the rootstock, combine to make most varieties. Both should suit your climate. Don’t fret over the minutiae–every state has agricultural extension agencies, and most have detailed resources for selecting, planting, and pruning fruit trees (more than 7,500 varieties of apples are grown worldwide) for your area. You can even grow apple trees in a large container.
Above: A picnic under the apple tree. Photograph by Erin Boyle.
Outdoors, select a sunny, well-drained spot with excellent air flow, preferably on a slope to avoid early spring frosts that can kill off the blossoms. You’ll need to thin the harvest too.
Above: A grove of apple trees. Photograph by Sylvia Linsteadt. For more of this wild orchard on Vancouver Island, see Garden Visit: Honey Grove Cottage in the Firs.
- Dwarf or semi-dwarf trees are best-suited for home gardens. Dwarf trees perform well in containers
- The color scheme of apple trees includes pink and white blossoms; glossy green leaves, and gray and brown bark in winter months
- Their gnarly shape makes apple trees a beautiful element in landscape design
Above: Pink lady apples. Photograph by Nicole Franzen. For more, see Fishkill Apple Orchard: A Family Farm Goes Sustainable.
Keep It Alive
- Don’t interplant with walnut trees, which can inhibit growth
- Hardy in growing zones 4-8 (depending on the variety)
- Two is better than one: apple trees are “self-incompatible.” They need another variety of apple tree nearby, one which blooms at the same time of year, in order to produce fruit.
For more of our favorite recipes with apples, see:
- Apple Coconut Crisp (Pack It to Go)
- Mulled Apple Cider (With a Secret Ingredient)
- Raw Kale Salad (With Apples and Almonds)
After your tree gets established, it can last many years, up to a hundred in some cases, providing fruit, tonic bark tea, scented blossoms, and beauty to your landscape. How do you like them apples? (Sorry, couldn’t resist adding one little cliché. At least we didn’t say anything about keeping the doctor away.)