Icon - Arrow LeftAn icon we use to indicate a rightwards action. Icon - Arrow RightAn icon we use to indicate a leftwards action. Icon - External LinkAn icon we use to indicate a button link is external. Icon - MessageThe icon we use to represent an email action. Icon - Down ChevronUsed to indicate a dropdown. Icon - CloseUsed to indicate a close action. Icon - Dropdown ArrowUsed to indicate a dropdown. Icon - Location PinUsed to showcase a location on a map. Icon - Zoom OutUsed to indicate a zoom out action on a map. Icon - Zoom InUsed to indicate a zoom in action on a map. Icon - SearchUsed to indicate a search action. Icon - EmailUsed to indicate an emai action. Icon - FacebookFacebooks brand mark for use in social sharing icons. flipboard Icon - InstagramInstagrams brand mark for use in social sharing icons. Icon - PinterestPinterests brand mark for use in social sharing icons. Icon - TwitterTwitters brand mark for use in social sharing icons. Icon - Check MarkA check mark for checkbox buttons.
You are reading

Gardening 101: Mistletoe


Gardening 101: Mistletoe

December 25, 2017

Mistletoe; Viscum album: The Endless Embrace

It hardly bears repeating that mistletoe reminds us of Christmas and kissing. But if we find ourselves under mistletoe at a party, certain companions are preferable to others–we definitely avoid that aunt who wraps us in her boa constrictor embrace, to plant a big wet one on our forehead. In the plant kingdom, mistletoe is just like that overenthusiastic family member. It’s a parasite arborists hate for growing on the branches of trees and blocking their sunlight. That said, if we are careful growing it, mistletoe has its uses. (Perhaps if we’re extra polite to Auntie as we disentangle, she will send a present on our birthday?)

The Druids and Vikings had a more romantic idea of mistletoe. They saw it growing wild on trees in winter–mistletoe grows around branches in large green balls, like giant hairy bird nests–and used in pagan rituals as a symbol of hope and rebirth. The Celts also had practical uses for mistletoe, which they believed was a remedy for infertility among animals (hopefully this is not the reason for its role at parties) and an antidote to venom and poison. If only it would counteract the effects of too much fruitcake and mulled wine.


Above: Branches of fresh mistletoe berries gathered in northern California. For more, see Shopper’s Diary: Garden Apothecary in Half Moon Bay. Photograph by Mimi Giboin for Gardenista.

Cheat Sheet

  • Produces berries that attract bugs and squirrels
  • Green leaves and translucent milky white berries
  • Mistletoe attaches easily to shrubs in the rose family as well as trees; its bright green leaves can spice up empty branches in the wintertime.
Mistletoe in the wild. Photograph by Maggie McCain via Flickr.
Above: Mistletoe in the wild. Photograph by Maggie McCain via Flickr.

Keep It Alive

  • Full sun
  • No extra water needed outdoors
  • It gets nourishment from the host
  • Plant in late winter

Mistletoe might have an easier time establishing itself if you notch the branch or scrape away a small piece of bark on the host tree. (Still, err on the side of caution, and take care not to harm the tree.) But be careful: it’s an opportunistic evergreen that grows on the branches of apple, hawthorn, ash, and lime trees, to the point where the tree is unable to get enough sunlight and produce leaves.


Above: Balls of mistletoe in ancient beech trees at Burghley House near Stamford, Lincolnshire, in the UK. Photograph by Kendra Wilson.

Mistletoe berries. Photograph by Stanze via Flickr.
Above: Mistletoe berries. Photograph by Stanze via Flickr.

Though we are used to seeing mistletoe clippings hung indoors, it is perfectly easy to grow in your backyard. Conserve some mistletoe sprigs from your decorations in a jar of water until February. These should be well covered in berries. Then, mount the sprig on the side of a healthy tree and fasten it there with twine. Once mistletoe is established, be sure to trim it regularly to prevent harm to your tree. But you have plenty of time to plan as mistletoe can take four years to grow. If that’s too long to wait for a kiss, we’ll understand.

For more, see Holiday Aphrodisiac: Why Mistletoe is Welcome at Parties.

N.B.: Are you considering additions to your garden? See Garden Design 101 guides for help:

(Visited 207 times, 1 visits today)
You need to login or register to view and manage your bookmarks.

Have a Question or Comment About This Post?

Join the conversation